8 Excavating Archaeological Sites

What are the primary excavation methods ?(make a bullet point list)

 

Why is stratigraphy important?

 

What is the law of superposition? What is uniformitarianism?

 

Plan mapping

 

Plan mapping
Fig 8.1 Plan Mapping

This large square is 1 meter by 1 meter, each small square is therefore 10 centimetres on each side.

Use grid square to answer the following questions and complete the exercises.

  1. What does the “X” indicate? ___________________
  2. This is the standard archaeology unit square, what are its dimensions?
  3. Look at the artifacts in the square, list their coordinates in the empty table below:
North (cm) East (cm) Description
Coin
Stone projectile point

Use grid square above to answer the following questions and complete the exercises.

  1. Map the two (2) artifacts on your map from the table below:
North (cm) East (cm) Description
80 45 Stone tool
30 90 Ceramic sherd

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