Introduction to Social Work

  1. American Academy of Social Work and Social Welfare. (2017). Grand challenges for social work. Retrieved from
  2. Asquith, S., Clark, C. L., & Waterhouse, L. (2005). The role of the social worker in the 21st century: A literature review. Edinburgh: Scottish Executive Education Department.
  3. Bent-Goodley, T.B. (2017). Readying the profession for changing times. Social Work, 62(2), 101-103.
  4. Blundo, R. (2001). Learning strengths-based practice: Challenging our personal and professional frames. Families in Society: The Journal of Contemporary Social Services, 82(3), 296-304.
  5. Brown, B. (December. 2013). Brené Brown on empathy. Retrieved from
  6. Brunner, A. (2009) When in doubt, give hope [Audio file]. Social Work Podcast. Retrieved from
  7. Clark, E. J. (2017). 10 essentials social workers must know about hope [Blog post]. Retrieved from
  8. Clark, E. J., & Hoffler, E. F. (2014). Hope matters: The power of social work. Washington, DC: NASW Press.
  9. Corey, M., Corey, G., & Corey, C. (2014). Groups: Process and Practice (9th ed.) Pacific Grove, CA: Brooks/Cengage Learning.
  10. Council on Social Work Education (CSWE), Commission on Accreditation. (2016, July). Handbook of social work accreditation policies and procedures. Retrieved from
  11. D’Aprix, A. S., Dunlap, K. M., Abel, E., & Edwards, R. L. (2004). Goodness of fit: Career goals of MSW students and the aims of the social work profession in the United States. Social Work Education, 23(3), 265-280.
  12. Gibelman, Margaret. (1999). The search for identity: defining social work – past, present, future. Social Work, 44(4) p298-310. doi: 10.1093/sw/44.4.298
  13. Grinnell, R.M., & Unrau, Y.A. (2010). Social work research and evaluation: Foundations of evidence-based practice [9th ed.]. New York: Oxford University Press.
  14. Hunter, R. (1904). Poverty. New York: The Macmillan Company. Retrieved from
  15. Jane M. Hoey (1892-1968): Social worker, welfare administrator, government official. (2011). In Social Welfare History Project. Retrieved from
  16. Kerson, T. S., & McCoyd, J. (2013). In response to need: An analysis of social work roles over time. Social Work. 58(4) 333-343. doi: 10.1093/sw/swt035
  17. Langer, C. L., & Lietz, C. (2014). Applying theory to generalist social work practice. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
  18. McLaughlin, H. (2008). What’s in a name: ‘Client,’ ‘patient,’ ‘customer,’ ‘consumer,’ ‘expert by experience,’ ‘service user’—What’s next? British Journal of Social Work, 39(6), 1101-1117.
  19. National Association of Social Workers (NASW). (2021). Code of Ethics of the National Association of Social Workers. Washington, DC: NASW Press. Retrieved from
  20. Rothman, J., & Mizrahi, T. (2014). Balancing micro and macro practice: A challenge for social work. Social Work, 59(1), 91-93.
  21. Sheafor, B. W., Horejsi, C. R., & Horejsi, G. A. (2000). Techniques and guidelines for social work practice (5th ed.). Boston: Allyn and Bacon
  22. Singer, J. B. (Producer). (2014). #87 – Beginnings, middles, and ends: Stories about social work from Ogden Rogers, Ph.D. [Audio podcast]. Social Work Podcast. Retrieved from
  23. Singer, J. B. (Producer). (2016). #103 – The Grand Challenges for Social Work: Interview with Dr. Richard P. Barth [Audio podcast]. Social Work Podcast. Retrieved from
  24. Social Work Degree Guide. (2017). Five differences between BSW and MSW programs. Retrieved from
  25. Stoesen, L. (2006). Mediation a natural for social workers. NASW News, (51)8.
  26. Uehara, E.S., Barth, R. P., Olson, S., Catalano, R. F., Hawkins, J. D., … Sherraden, M. (2015). Identifying and tackling grand challenges for social work. (Grand Challenges for Social Work Initiative, Working Paper No. 3). Retrieved
  27. Zastrow, C. (2016). Generalist social work practice: A Worktext (11th ed). Chicago: Lyceum Books, Inc.

The History of Social Work in the United States

  1. The evolution of Social Work: Historical milestones. SC-UMT. (2021, May 13). Retrieved April 17, 2022, from
  2. Hansan, J.E. (2013). Hunter, (Wiles) Robert (April 10, 1874 – May 15, 1942), social worker, author and socialist. In Social Welfare History Project. Retrieved from
  3. Leighninger, R. (2019). Families, The Family, and the New Deal. Families in Society: The Journal of Contemporary Social Services. 100(4) 341–350.
  4. Nsonwu, M. B., Casey, K., Cook, S. W., & Armendariz, N. B. (2013). Embodying social work as a profession: A pedagogy for practice. SAGE Open, 3(3), 1-8.
  5. Paul, C.A. (2016). Jane Addams (1860-1935). Social Welfare History Project. Retrieved from
  6. Richmond, M. E. (1917). Social diagnosis. New York: Russell Sage Foundation
  7. Social Welfare History Project (2011). Mary Ellen Richmond (1861-1928) – Social work pioneer, administrator, researcher, and author. Social Welfare History Project. Retrieved from
  8. Trolander, J.A. (1991). Hull-House and the settlement house movement: A centennial reassessment. Journal of Urban History, 17(4), 410-420.


  1. Congress, E. P. (2000). What social workers should know about ethics: Understanding and resolving ethical dilemmas. Advances in Social Work, 1(1), 1-25.
  2. Cournoyer, B. (2011). The social work skills workbook (7th ed.). Belmont, CA: Brooks/Cole.
  3. Dolgoff, R., Harrington, D., & Loewenberg, F. M. (2009). Ethical decisions for social work practice (9th ed.). Belmont, CA: Brooks/Cole
  4. Morales, A. T.., Sheafor, B. W., & Scott, M. E. (2010). Social work: A profession of many faces. New York: Pearson Custom Publishing.
  5. National Association of Social Workers. (2021). NASW Code of Ethics. Retrieved from
  6. Reamer, F. G. (2006). Social work values and ethics (2nd ed.). New York, NY: Columbia University Press.
  7. Woodcock, R. (2011). Ethical standards in the NASW code of ethics: The explicit legal model and beyond. Families in Society, 92(1), 21-27.

Culture and Diversity

  1. Akunduz, A. (n.d.). Norms and values in Islam. Rotterdam: Islamic University of Rotterdam. Retrieved from
  2. Allport, G. (1979). The nature of prejudice (25th ed.). Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.
  3. Bala, N. (n.d.). Islam: Information of the great world religion, its people and their way of life. Retrieved from
  4. Barbarin, O. A. (1983). Coping with ecological transitions by Black families: A psycho- social model. Journal of Community Psychology, 11(4):308–322.
  5. Blakemore, E. (2021, May 3). Race and ethnicity facts and information. Culture. Retrieved February 13, 2022, from,and%20characterize%20seemingly%20distinct%20populations.
  6. Budiman, A., & Ruiz, N. G. (2021). Key facts about Asian origin groups in the U.S. Retrieved from
  7. Capps, R. & Passel, J. S. (2004). Describing immigrant communities. In Foundation for Child Development. Retrieved from
  8. Cornell, S., & Hartmann, D. (2007). Ethnicity and race: Making identities in a changing world. Thousand Oaks, CA: Pine Forge Press.
  9. Cosmides, L., Tooby, J., & Kurzban, R. (2003). Perceptions of race. TRENDS in Cognitive Science, 4(7), 173-179.
  10. Damen, L. (1987). Culture learning: The fifth dimension on the language classroom. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.
  11. Duster, T. (2009). Debating reality and relevance. Science, 324(5931), 1144-1145. doi: 10.1126/science.1174523
  12. Fadiman, A. (1997). The spirit catches you and you fall down. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux.
  13. Garthwait, C. (2012, October). Dictionary of social work. Missoula: The University of Montana. Retrieved from
  14. Jackson, F. (2003). Ethnogenetic layering: A novel approach to determining environmental health risks among children from three U.S. regions. Journal of Children’s Health, 1(3), 369-386.
  15. Kiang, P. N. (2017). Understanding our perceptions of Asian Americans. Center for Global Education. Retrieved from
  16. Krieger, N. (2000). Refiguring “race”: Epidemiology, racialized biology, and biological expressions of race relations. International Journal of Health Services, 1(30), 211-216.
  17. Krogstad, J. M., Passel, J. S., and Noe-Bustamante, L. (2022). Key facts about U.S. Latinos for National Hispanic Heritage Month. Retrieved from
  18. Krogstad, J.M., Stepler, R., and Lopez, M.H. (2015, May 12). English proficiency on the rise among Latinos: U.S. born driving language changes. Washington, D.C.: Pew Research Center. Retrieved from
  19. Lederach, J.P. (1995). Preparing for peace: Conflict transformation across cultures. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press.
  20. Linton, R. (1945). The cultural background of personality. New York: Appleton- Century- Crofts.
  21. Lipka, M. (2017, August 9). Muslims and Islam: Key findings in the U.S. and around the world. Washington, D.C.: Pew Research Center. Retrieved from
  22. Martin, E. P. (1980). The Black extended family. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  23. McIntosh, P. (1989). White privilege: Unpacking the invisible knapsack. Retrieved on from
  24. National Association of Social Workers (NASW). (2001). Standards for cultural competence in social work practice. Washington, DC: NASW Press.
  25. National Association of Social Workers (NASW). (2007). Indicators for the achievement of the NASW standards for cultural competence in social work practice. Washington, DC: NASW Press. Retrieved from
  26. National Association of Social Workers (NASW). (2013, Summer). Families and immigration. A quick resource guide. Washington, DC: NASW Press. Retrieved on from
  27. Park, A. (2016, June). A development agenda for sexual and gender minorities. Los Angeles: The Williams Institute, UCLA School of Law. Retrieved from
  28. Pew Research Survey. (2013, April 4). The rise of Asian Americans. Washington, DC: Pew Research Center. Retrieved from
  29. Race, Ethnicity, and Genetics Working Group. (2005). The use of racial, ethnic, and ancestral categories in human genetics research. American Journal of Human Genetics, 77(4), 519-532. Retrieved from
  30. Sutton, M. (2004). An introduction to native North America (2nd ed.). New York: Pearson Education, Inc.
  31. U.S. Census Bureau. (n.d.). 2020 Decennial Census. U.S. Department of Commerce.
  32. United States Commission on International Religious Freedom (USCIRF). (2016, April). Burma: USCIRF urges government to end religious freedom abuses [Press release]. Retrieved from
  33. Useem, J., & Useem, R. (1963). Men in the middle of the third culture: The roles of American and non-western people in cross-cultural administration. Human organizations, 22(3), 169-179.
  34. Weaver, H. N. (2008). The elements of cultural competence: Applications with Native American clients. Journal of Ethnic & Cultural Diversity in Social Work, 13(1), 19-35.


  1. Ban der Berg, S. (2008). Poverty and education. Retrieved from
  2. Bell, Kate. (n.d.). Poverty, social security, and stigma. Poverty, 144, 10-13. Retrieved from
  3. Center for Poverty Research, University of California, Davis. (2017). What are the major federal safety net programs in the U.S.? Retrieved from
  4. Creamer, J., Shrider, E. A., Burns, K., & Chen, F. (2022) Poverty in the United States: 2021. Retrieved from
  5. Giffords, E. D., & Garber, K. R. (2014). New Perspectives on poverty: Policies programs and practice. Chicago: Lyceum Books.
  6. Gorski, P. C. (2013). Reaching and teaching students in poverty: Strategies for erasing the opportunity gap. New York: Teachers College Press.
  7. Harack, B. (2010, October 5). How do we define poverty? Vision of earth. Retrieved from
  8. Health Resource & Service Administration. (2017). Health center program terms and definitions. Retrieved from
  9. Henry, M., Watt, R., Rosenthal, L., & Shivji, A. (2016, November). The 2016 annual homeless assessment report (AHAR) to Congress. Washington, DC: U.S Department of Housing and Urban Development. Retrieved from
  10. Iceland, J. (2013). Poverty in America. Berkeley: University of California Press.
  11. Inglis, G. (2016, October 19). The stigma of poverty. The Poverty Alliance. Retrieved from
  12. Institute for Research on Poverty, University of Wisconsin. (2017). What are poverty thresholds and poverty guidelines? Retrieved from
  13. International Federation of Social Workers. (2012, February 23). Poverty eradication and the role for social workers. Retrieved from
  14. Kirst-Ashman, K. (2012). Introduction to social work and social welfare [4th ed.]. Pacific Grove, CA: Brooks Cole.
  15. National Alliance to End Homelessness. (2010, January 17). Rural homelessness. Retrieved from
  16. National Alliance to End Homelessness. (2016). Housing. Retrieved from
  17. National Association of Social Workers (NASW). (2021). Code of Ethics of the National Association of Social Workers. Retrieved from
  18. National Health Care for Homeless Council. (2022). What is the official definition of homelessness? Retrieved from
  19. Pierson, J., & Thomas, M. (2010). Dictionary of social work: The definitive A to Z of social work and social care. New York: Open University Press.
  20. Proctor, B. D., Semega, J. L., & Kollar, M. A. (2016, September). Income and poverty in the United States: 2015. (States Census Bureau, Report #P60-256). Retrieved from
  21. Results: The Power to End Poverty. (2017). Poverty in the United States. Retrieved from
  22. Ritter, J. A. & Vakalahi, H.F.O. (2014). 101 careers in social work [2nd ed.]. New York, NY: Springer Publishing Company.
  23. Rodgers, H. R. (2015). American poverty in a new era of reform [2nd ed.]. Armonk, NY: Taylor and Francis. Social problems: Continuity and change. (2010). Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Libraries.
  24. Social Security Administration (2021). Fast Facts & Figures About Social Security, 2021. Office of retirement and disability policy. Retrieved 4/25/23 from
  25. Stereotype. (2017). Merriam-Webster’s learner’s dictionary. Retrieved from
  26. Sue, D. W., Rasheed, M. N., & Rasheed, J. M. (2012). Multicultural social work practice: A competency- based approach to diversity and social justice [2nd ed.]. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
  27. Theory. (2017). Merriam-Webster’s learners dictionary. Retrieved from
  28. Tropman, J.E. (2021). Micro, mezzo (meso), and macro: A guide to the three levels of social work. Retrieved from
  29. United States Census Bureau. (2016, August). The history of the official poverty measure. Retrieved from
  30. United States Department of Health & Human Services (DHHS). (2017). U.S. federal poverty guidelines used to determine financial eligibility for certain federal programs. Retrieved from
  31. The World Bank. (2015, September 30). FAQs: Global poverty line update. Retrieved from

Social Work Practice

  1. Anderson, R. E., Carter, I., & Lowe, G. R. (2008). Human behavior in the social environment a social system approach. Piscataway, NJ: Transaction.
  2. Ashford, J. B., Lecroy, C. W., & Lortie, K. L. (2006). Human behavior in the social environment a multidimensional perspective. Belmont, CA: Thomson.
  3. Community. (n.d.). Merriam-Webster. Retrieved from
  4. Donaldson, L. P., Hill, K., Ferguson, S., Fogel, S., & Erickson, C. (2014). Contemporary social work licensure: Implications for macro social work practice and education. Social Work, 59(1), 52-61.
  5. Dulmus, C. N, & Sowers, K. M. (Eds.) (2012). The profession of social work: Guided by history, led by evidence. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley & Sons.
  6. Humble, M., Lewis, M., Scott, D., & Herzog, J. (2013). Challenges in rural social work practice: When support groups contain your neighbors, church members, and the PTA. Social Work with Groups, 36(2-3), 249-258.
  7. Johnson, Y. (1999). Indirect work: Social work’s uncelebrated strength. Social Work, 44(4), 323-334.
  8. Lee, W. (2016). Social work-business sector collaboration in pursuit of economic justice. Social Work,61(3), 209-16.
  9. Lightburn, A., & Sessions, P. (2005). Handbook of community-based clinical practice. Cary, NC: Oxford University Press.
  10. Lohmann, N., & Lohmann, R. A. (Eds.) (2012). Rural social work practice. New York: Columbia University Press.
  11. Pugh, R. (2007). Dual relationships: Personal and professional boundaries in rural social work. British Journal of Social Work, 37, 1405-1423.
  12. Lishman, J. (Ed.) (2011). Social work education and training. London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.
  13. Sheafor, B. W., & Horejsi, C.R. (8). (2008). Techniques and guidelines for social work practice. Boston, MA: Pearson Education.
  14. Schilling, R., Morrish, J., & Liu, G. (2008). Demographic trends in social work over a quarter-century in an increasingly female profession. Social Work,53(2), 103-14.
  15. Texas Behavioral Health Executive Council:
  16. Waltman, G. (2011). Reflections on rural social work. Families in Society: The Journal of Contemporary Social Services, 92(2), 236-239.
  17. Zastrow, C. H., & Kirst-Ashman, K. K. (2010). Understanding human behavior and the social environment. Belmont, CA: Brooks/Cole.

Generalist Practice

  1. Allen-Meares, P., & Lane, B. (1987). Grounding social work practice in theory: Ecosystems. Social Casework, 68, 515-521.
  2. Bonecutter, & Gleeson. (n.d.). Genograms and ecomaps: Tools for developing a broad view of family. Retrieved from
  3. Dziegielewski, S. (2013). The changing face of health care social work (3rd ed.). New York: Springer.
  4. Elements Behavioral Health. (2012, August 10). What are evidence-based practices? Retrieved from
  5. Flamand, L. (2017). Systems theory of social work. People of everyday life. Retrieved from
  6. Inderbitzen, S. (2014, February 3). What does it mean to be a social work generalist? Social work degree guide. Retrieved from
  7. Johnson, L. C., & Yanca, S. J. (2010). Social work practice: A generalist approach (10th ed.). Boston, MA: Allyn & Bacon.
  8. Kirst-Ashman, K. K., & Hull, G. H., Jr. (2015). Generalist practice with organizations and communities (6th ed.). Pacific Grove, CA: Brooks/Cole.
  9. Lewin, R. G. (2009). Helen Harris Perlman. In Jewish women: A comprehensive historical encyclopedia. Retrieved from
  10. Pardeck, J. T. (1988). An ecological approach for social work practice. The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare, 15(2), 134-144. Retrieved from
  11. Steyaert, J. (2013, April). Ann Hartman. In History of social work. Retrieved from

Social Work Practice with Children and Families

  1. American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders: DSM-5. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.
  2. American Psychiatric Association. (2017). Road to resilience. Retrieved from
  3. American Society for the Positive Care of Children (ASPCC). (2017). Child sexual abuse. Retrieved from
  4. CDC (2022). Fast Facts: Preventiing Child Sexual Abuse. Retreived from
  5. Children’s Rights. (2017). Aging out. Retrieved from
  6. Baumrind, D. (1966). Effects of authoritative parental control on child behavior. Child Development, 37(4), 887-907. doi:10.2307/1126611
  7. Bremner, J. D. (2006). Traumatic stress: Effects on the brain. Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience, 8(4): 445-461. Retrieved from
  8. Edwards, J. O. (2009). The many kinds of family structures in our communities. In L. Derman-Sparks & J. O. Edwards. Anti-bias: Education for children and ourselves NAEYC. Portland, ME: Stenhouse Publishers
  9. Enrique, J., Howk, H., & Huitt, W. (2007). An overview of family development. Educational psychology interactive. Valdosta, GA: Valdosta State University. Retrieved from
  10. The ICWA Law Center (2014). Understanding the ICWA. Retrieved from
  11. Maslach, C., Schaufeli, W. B., & Leiter, M. P. (2001). Job burnout. Annual Review of Psychology, 52, 397-422.
  12. Myers, J. E. B. (2008). A short history of child protection in America. Family Law Quarterly, 42(3), 449-463. Retrieved from
  13. National Center for Victims of Crime. (2012). Grooming dynamic. Retrieved from,and%20breaking%20down%20their%20defenses.
  14. National Child Traumatic Stress Network (NCTSN). (n.d). Families and trauma. Retrieved from
  15. National Child Traumatic Stress Network (NCTSN). (2012). Addressing secondary traumatic stress among child welfare staff: A practice brief. Retrieved from
  16. National Collaborating Centre for Mental Health (UK). (2010). Antisocial personality disorder: Treatment, management, and prevention. (NICE Clinical Guidelines, No. 77). Leicester (UK): British Psychological Society. Retrieved from
  17. National Foster Parent Association. (2016). History of foster care in the United States. Retrieved from
  18. National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children. (2017). Emotional abuse: What is emotional abuse? Retrieved from
  19. Robb, M. (2004). Burned out and at risk. Washington, D.C: NASW. Retrieved from
  20. State of Michigan, Department of Health, and Human Services (MDHHS). (2009). The foster child. Retrieved from
  21. State of Michigan, Department of Health, and Human Services (MDHHS). (2015). Foster care/adoption/adoption/juvenile justice case worker/child visit quick reference guide. Retrieved from,5885,7-339-71551_7199_54039—,00.html
  22. State of Michigan, Department of Health, and Human Services (MDHHS). (2016a). Child guardianship policy manual. Retrieved from
  23. State of Michigan, Department of Health, and Human Services (MDHHS). (2016b). Children’s protective services manual: Removal and placement of children. Retrieved from
  24. State of Michigan, Department of Health, and Human Services (MDHHS). (2017a). Child protection law. Retrieved from,5885,7-339-73970_7701_7869-15404–,00.html
  25. State of Michigan, Department of Health, and Human Services (MDHHS). (2017b). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (n.d.). Child Sexual Abuse. Retrieved from
  26. State of Michigan, Department of Health, and Human Services (MDHHS). (2017c). Children’s protective services investigation process. Retrieved from,5885,7-339-73971_7119_50648_7193-159484–,00.html
  27. State of Michigan, Department of Health, and Human Services (MDHHS). (2017d). Foster care. Retrieved from,5885,7-339-73971_7117—,00.html
  28. State of Michigan Legislature. (n.d.). Probate code of 1939: Act 288. Retrieved from
  29. United States Census Bureau. (n.d.). Current population survey (CPS): Subject definitions. Retrieved from

Social Work with Older Adults

  1. Alzheimer’s Association. (2023) 2023 Alzheimer’s Disease Facts and Figures. Alzheimers Dement 19(4). DOI 10.1002/alz.13016.
  2. American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders: DSM-5. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.
  3. Mullin, E. (2013, Feb 26). How to pay for nursing home costs: Medicare, Medicaid, and other resources can help minimize the cost of long-term care. U.S. News and World Report. Retrieved from
  4. National Center on Elder Abuse. (2005). Elder abuse prevalence and incidence. Washington, DC: National Center on Elder Abuse.
  5. National Council on Aging. (2022). Get the facts on fall prevention. Retrieved from
  6. Nursing Home Alert: Abuse and Neglect Lawsuit Resource. (2017). State Surveys. Retrieved from
  7. Sollitto, M. (2016). Urinary tract infections in the elderly. Retrieved from

Mental Health and Substance Abuse

  1. (2017). Outpatient drug rehab. Retrieved from
  2. American Psychiatric Association (APA). (2022). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders: DSM-5-TR. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.
  3. American Psychiatric Association (APA). (2015, November). What is mental illness? Retrieved from
  4. Anxiety and Depression Association of America (ADAA). (2016, August). Facts and statistics. (2016). Retrieved from
  5. Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Outlook Handbook, Social Workers,
  6. Clarke, T. C., Schiller, J. S., Boersma, P. (2020). Early release of selected estimates based on data from the 2019 national health interivew survey. National Center for Health Statistics.
  7. Davis, J. F. (2013, July 24). Day-to-day life during inpatient drug rehab. Retrieved from
  8. (2017). Retrieved from
  9. (2017). Recovery: Abstinence vs. moderation. Retrieved from
  10. Gupta, S. (2016, June 2). Unintended consequences: Why painkiller addicts turn to heroin. CNN. Retrieved from
  11. Harm Reduction Coalition. (n.d.). Principles of harm reduction. Retrieved from
  12. Hasin, D. S., Saha, T. D., Kerridge, B. T., Goldstein, R. B., Chou, S. P., Zhang, H., …Grant, B. F. (2015, December). Prevalence of marijuana use disorders in the United States between 2001-2002 and 2012- 2013. JAMA Psychiatry, 72(12), 1-19. Retrieved from
  13. Martin, M. E. (2018). Introduction to human services through the eyes of practice settings (4th ed.). New York: Pearson.
  14. National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI). (n.d.). Schizoaffective disorder. Retrieved from
  15. National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI). (2017). Mental health by the numbers. Retrieved from
  16. National Institute on Mental Health (NAMI). (2016, April). Bipolar disorder. Retrieved from
  17. National Institute on Drug Abuse. (2017, February). Inhalants. Retrieved from
  18. NIDA. 2021, June 1. Fentanyl DrugFacts. (2022, August 15). Retrieved from
  19. Oxford University Press. (2017). Oxford living dictionaries. Retrieved from
  20. (2014). Thirty years of America’s drug war: A chronology. Frontline. Retrieved from
  21. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). (2015, October 27). Mental and substance use disorders. Retrieved from
  22. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. (2021). Key substance use and mental health indicators in the United States: Results from the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health. Rockville, MD: Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration.
  23. SAMHSA. (2022). 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Detailed Tables. US Department of Health & Human services.
  24. United States Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics. (2017). Social Workers. Occupational outlook handbook, 2016-17. Retrieved from service/social-workers.htm
  25. Wisner, B. & Adams, J. (Eds.). Environmental health in emergencies and disasters: A practical guide. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization (WHO), 2002. Retrieved from
  26. Wolf, P. (2001). Creativity and chronic disease Vincent Van Gogh (1853 – 1890). Western Journal of Medicine, 175(5), 347-348. Retrieved from
  27. World Health Organization (WHO). (2017). Substance abuse. Retrieved from

Social Work and the Health Care System

  1. Achieng, V. (2017, May 26). 15 countries where domestic violence is legal. The Clever. Retrieved from
  2. Ahn, R., Alpert, E. J., Purcell, G., Konstantopoulos, W. M., McGahan, A., Eckardt, M……. Burke, T. F. (2013). Human trafficking: Review of educational resources for health professionals. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 44(3), 283-289. doi: 10.1016/j.amepre.2012.10.025.
  3. Allen, K. M., & Spitzer, W. J. (2016). Social work practice in healthcare: Advanced approaches and emerging trends. Los Angeles: SAGE.
  4. Breiding, M. J., Basile, K. C., Smith, S. G., Black, M. C., & Mahendra, R. R. (2015). Intimate partner violence surveillance: uniform definitions and recommended data elements, Version 2.0. Atlanta (GA): National Center
    for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease
    Control and Prevention.
  5. Cha, A., E. & Cohen, R., A., (2022) Demographic variation in health insurance coverage: United States, 2020. CDC national Center for Health Statistics (no. 169).
  6. Fusenig, E. (2012, May). The role of emergency room social worker: An exploratory study. Master of Social Work Clinical Research Papers. Paper 26. Retrieved from
  7. Gajic-Veljanoski, O., & Stewart, D. E. (2007). Women trafficked into prostitution:Determinants, human rights and health needs. Transcultural Psychiatry, 44(3), 338-358.
  8. Gehlert, S., & Browne, T. (Eds.). (2011). Handbook of health social work (2nd ed.). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
  9. Haegerich, T., & Dahlberg, L. (2011). Violence as a public health risk. American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine, 5(5), 392 -406.
  10. Hamberger, K. (2004). Domestic violence screening and intervention in medical and mental health settings. New York: Springer.
  11. Human Trafficking Search. (2022). What is human trafficking? Retrieved from
  12. Keefe, R., & Jurkowski, E. T. (Eds.). (2012). Handbook for public health social work. New York: Springer.
  13. Louie, K. (2017). Interview with Andrea S. Kido, LCSW, on pediatric and clinical social work. Online MSW Programs. Retrieved from lcsw-on-clinical-social-work.html
  14. McDaniel, S. H., Doherty, W. J., & Hepworth, J. (2014). Medical family therapy and integrated care. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
  15. McGarry, J., Ali, P., & Hinchliff, S. (2017). Older women, intimate partner violence and mental health: A consideration of the particular issues for health and healthcare practice. Journalof Clinical Nursing, 26(15-16), 2177-2191. doi:// 10.1111/jocn.13490
  16. Mitchell, G., Tieman, J., & Shelby-James, T. (2008). Multidisciplinary care planning and teamwork in primary care. Medical Journal of Australia, 188(8 Suppl), S64-4. Retrieved from
  17. Mizrahi, T., & Davis, L. E. (2008). The encyclopedia of social work (20th ed.). New York: Oxford University Press.
  18. Nancarrow, S. A., Booth, A., Ariss, S., Smith, T., Enderby, P., & Roots, A. (2013). Ten principles of good interdisciplinary teamwork. Human Resources for Health, 11(19), 1-11. Retrieved from
  19. National Association of Social Workers (NASW). (2012). Social workers in hospital and medical center: Occupational profile. Washington, DC: NASW. Retrieved from
  20. National Association of Social Workers. (NASW). (2016). NASW standards for social work practice in health care settings. Washington, DC: NASW. Retrieved from
  21. (2017). Public health social work career, salary and job description in the field of public health. Retrieved from
  22. Online MSW Programs. (2022). Hospice & Palliative Care Social Work: A Guide. Retrieved from
  23. Polaris. (2022). 2021 data from the National Human Trafficking Hotline. Polaris Project.
  24. Smith, S. G., Chen, J., Basile, K. C., Gilbert, L. K., Merrick, M. T., Patel, N., . . . Jain, A. (2012). The national intimate partner and sexual violence survey (NISVS): 2010-2012. Atlanta, GA: National Center for Injury Prevention and Control of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
  25. Stark, E., & Filtcraft, A. (1998). Women at risk: Domestic violence and women’s health. Criminal Behavior and Mental Health, 8(3), 232-234.
  26. United States Department of Health and Social Services (DHHS). (2003). Summary of HIPAA privacy rule. Retrieved from
  27. United States Department of Health and Social Services (DHHS). (2012, May). Principles of epidemiology in public health practice (3rd ed.). (Self-Study Course, SS1978). Retrieved from
  28. United States Department of State. (2022). 2022 Trafficking in persons report. Retrieved from

Social Work with Persons with Disabilities

  1. ADA National Network. (2017). What is the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)? Retrieved from
  2. American Foundation for the Blind. (2020, October). Key definitions of statistical terms.
  3. American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. (1993). Definitions of communication disorders and variations.
  4. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (2016). Disability overview: Impairments, activity limitations, and participation restrictions. Retrieved from
  5. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (2020, September 16). Disability impacts all of us.,is%20highest%20in%20the%20South.
  6. Conley, K. T., & Nadler, D. R. (2022). Reducing Ableism and the Social Exclusion of People With Disabilities: Positive Impacts of Openness and Education. Psi Chi Journal of Psychological Research27(1), 21–32.
  7. Disabilities, Opportunities, Internetworking, and Technology. (2021, April 9). How are the terms deaf, deafened, hard of hearing, and hearing impaired typically used?
  8. Disability Advocacy Resource Unit. (n.d.). How does the human rights model differ from the social model?
  9. Disabled World. (2015). Accidents and disability information: Conditions and statistics. Retrieved from
  10. Dwyer, P. M. A. (2022). Stigma, incommensurability, or both? Pathology-first, person-first, and identity-first language and the challenges of discourse in divided autism communities. Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics, 43(2), 111-113. doi: 10.1097/DBP.0000000000001054
  11. Friedman, C., & Rizzolo, M. C. (2017). “Get us real jobs:” Supported employment services for people with intellectual and developmental disabilities in Medicaid Home and Community Based Services Waivers. Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation46(1), 107–116.
  12. Kids Health. (2017). Birth defects. Retrieved from
  13. McGilloway, C., Smith, D., & Galvin, R. (2020). Barriers faced by adults with intellectual disabilities who experience sexual assault: A systematic review and meta‐synthesis. Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities33(1), 51–66.
  14. Merriam-Webster’s collegiate dictionary (10th ed.). (1999). Springfield, MA: Merriam-Webster Incorporated.
  15. National Deaf Center. (n.d.). Defining deaf.
  16. Popa-Wyatt, M. (2020). Reclamation: Taking back control of words. grazer philosophische studien97(1), 159-176.
  17. Shandra, C. L., & Chowdhury, A. R. (2012). The first sexual experience among adolescent girls with and without disabilities. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 41515–532.
  18. Smith, I. (2017, September 7). Mental age theory hurts people with intellectual disabilities. NOS Magazine.–suPeczRKzMiw0CAKCtfQEc92vS6RyacqUD6zBAJ80rUB8Lk
  19. Taylor, Z. W. (2018). Unreadable and underreported: Can college students comprehend how to report sexual violence? Cultivating safe college campuses conference.
  20. Workplace Fairness. (2017). Disability discrimination. Retrieved from
  21. World Health Organization. (2011). World Report on Disability (Rep.). Geneva, Switzerland.


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Introduction to Social Work: A Look Across the Profession Copyright © 2022 by James Langford, LCSW and Craig Keaton, PhD, LMSW is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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