Lab Activities

A list of words is provided below that you are expected to identify, learn, and label on the models provided. Note that not all models will have some of the organs/structures, so be sure to find them on an alternate model. You must use all the words provided. Using the colored tape provided, write the number that corresponds to the organ/structure and place them on your model. When complete, notify your TA so they may check your work.

For each additional station, directions will be provided for the activity.

 

Station One: Skull

Label the models of this station with the number that corresponds to the appropriate structure of the peripheral nervous system using the colored tape. When you are finished, ask your TA to check your labeling. Before leaving the station, remove all the labels you have placed on the model.

Note: For the following structures, be able to differentiate between left and right halves when applicable.

Bones of Skull

#1 frontal bone

#5 ethmoid bone

#9 zygomatic bone

#13 superior nasal conchae

#2 parietal bone

#6 sphenoid bone

#10 nasal bone

#14 middle nasal conchae

#3 temporal bone

#7 palatine bone

#11 vomer

#15 inferior nasal conchae

#4 occipital bone

#8 maxilla

#12 lacrimal bone

#16 mandible

Skull Bone Markings

#18 external auditory meatus

#20 styloid process

#22 cribriform plate of ethmoid bone

#24 zygomatic process of temporal bone

#19 mastoid process

#21 external occipital protuberance

#23 olfactory foramina

#25 temporal process of zygomatic bone

Special Features of Skull

#26 foramen magnum

#28 foramen ovale

#30 coronal suture

#32 lambdoid suture

#27 jugular foramen

#29 sella turcica

#31 sagittal suture

 

Station Two: Axial Skeleton cont.

Label the models of this station with the number that corresponds to the appropriate structure of the peripheral nervous system using the colored tape. When you are finished, ask your TA to check your labeling. Before leaving the station, remove all the labels you have placed on the model.

Note: For the following structures, be able to differentiate between left and right halves when applicable.

Vertebral Column

#1 hyoid Bone

#4 thoracic region

#7 coccyx

#2 vertebrae

#5 lumbar region

#8 intervertebral foramen

#3 cervical region

#6 sacrum

#9 intervertebral disc

Parts of Typical Vertebra

#10 body

#12 lamina

#14 transverse process

#16 inferior articular process

#18 facet of inferior articular process

#11 vertebral foramen

#13 spinous process

#15 superior articular process

#17 facet of superior articular process

Unique Cervical Vertebrae and Characteristics

#19 bifid spinous process

#21 atlas

#23 dens

#20 transverse foramen

#22 axis

Thoracic Cage

#24 sternum

#26 sternal body

#28 ribs

#25 manubrium

#27 xiphoid process

#29 costal cartilage

 

Station Three: Limb Assembly

In this station, you will be given a bucket filled with random bones some of which you will use to assemble an arm and a leg. Note below which bucket you are working with. Your assignment is to lay out the bones of each limb in their correct positions relative to each other and determine which bones do not belong to either limb.  Additionally, you will need to determine whether each limb is a right or left limb; circle your results below. When you are finished, ask your TA to check whether you have assembled and identified your limbs correctly.

Bucket # ________

Upper limb: Left / Right

Lower limb: Left / Right

 

Station 4: Histology

Sketch the slides available for today’s lab and specify the magnitude at which you are observing/ sketching. Be sure to identify and label your sketch with the corresponding structures listed beneath each slide.

 

Station Five: Upper Limbs

Label the models of this station with the number that corresponds to the appropriate structure of the peripheral nervous system using the colored tape. When you are finished, ask your TA to check your labeling. Before leaving the station, remove all the labels you have placed on the model.

Note: For the following structures, be able to differentiate between left and right halves when applicable.

Clavicle

#1 acromial end of clavicle

#2 sternal end of clavicle

Scapula

#3 glenoid cavity

#5 coracoid process

#7 supraspinous fossa

#9 subscapular fossa

#4 acromion

#6 spine of scapula

#8 infraspinous fossa

Humerus

#10 head

#13 lesser tubercle

#16 coronoid fossa

#19 lateral epicondyle

#11 neck

#14 trochlea

#17 radial fossa

#20 olecranon fossa

#12 greater tubercle

#15 capitulum

#18 medial epicondyle

Ulna

#21 head

#23 trochlear notch

#25 radial notch

#22 olecranon

#24 coronoid process

# 26 styloid process

Radius

#27 head

#29 radial tuberosity

#28 neck

#30 styloid process

Hand and Wrist

#31 carpals (8)

#33 phalanges

#35 middle phalanges

#32 metacarpals

#34 proximal phalanges

#36 distal phalanges

 

Station Six: Lower Limbs

Label the models of this station with the number that corresponds to the appropriate structure of the peripheral nervous system using the colored tape. When you are finished, ask your TA to check your labeling. Before leaving the station, remove all the labels you have placed on the model.

Note: For the following structures, be able to differentiate between left and right halves when applicable.

Pelvis

#1 ilium

#3 ischium

#5 pubis

#7 acetabulum

#2 iliac crest

#4 ischial spine

#6 pubic symphysis

Femur

#8 head

#11 lesser trochanter

#14 medial condyle

#9 neck

#12 medial epicondyle

#15 lateral condyle

#10 greater trochanter

#13 lateral epicondyle

#16 intercondylar fossa

# 17 patella

Tibia

#18 lateral condyle

#19 medial condyle

#20 medial malleolus

Fibula

#21 head

#22 lateral malleolus

Foot and Ankle

#23 tarsals (7)

#25 metatarsals

#27 proximal phalanges

#29 distal phalanges

#24 calcaneus

#26 phalanges

#28 middle phalanges

License

Icon for the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

Lab Activities by Malgosia Wilk-Blaszczak is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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